In recent years, there has been a significant increase in the use of healthcare apps, also known as mobile health apps. These apps offer a range of benefits, such as making it easier for patients to monitor their health, making work more productive for healthcare workers, and easily accessing medical advice remotely.
However, a potential risk to patient privacy and security concerns also comes. As these apps collect and store sensitive personal health information, there is a growing concern over how this data is protected and who has access to it.
In this article, we will explore the potential risks associated with healthcare apps, the importance of protecting patient privacy and security, and what patients can do to ensure their personal health information remains safe while using these apps.
Risks to Patient Privacy and Security
As technology advances in healthcare, the risks associated with patient privacy and security are becoming more prevalent. In this age of digital health, healthcare apps must be proactive in protecting patient data from breaches, unauthorized access, and cyber attacks.
One of the most significant risks to patient privacy and security is data breaches, which can occur due to human error, system failures, cyber-attacks, and theft. These incidents can result in the loss, theft, or compromise of sensitive patient information, including personal and medical information. And unfortunately, they happen far too often.
The potential for data breaches and unauthorized access to patient data is not the only concern.
Third-Party App Developers
There are also risks associated with third-party healthcare app developers and the use of unsecured networks.
Healthcare organizations that use third-party apps and software to manage patient data or communicate with patients may unknowingly put their patients at risk if they are not adequately secured.
Additionally, healthcare professionals may use unsecured networks to access patient data, which can increase the risk of data breaches and unauthorized access.
Best Practices for Ensuring Privacy and Security
In order to prevent the risk of privacy and security concerns, there are tips you can follow to use apps and surf online safely.
Tips for healthcare organizations on selecting secure healthcare apps and app developers:
- Research app developers thoroughly: Before selecting a third-party developer, healthcare organizations should do their due diligence and research the developer’s reputation and track record. Check their reviews, ratings, and any past security breaches they may have experienced.
- Choose apps with strong security features: Healthcare organizations should look for apps that have robust security features, such as data encryption, two-factor authentication, and access controls.
Aside from that, here is some guideline for healthcare workers on safeguarding patient data and protecting their devices:
- Password protect all devices: All devices that store or access patient data should be password-protected to prevent unauthorized access.
- Avoid using public Wi-Fi: Public Wi-Fi networks can be vulnerable to cyber-attacks. Healthcare workers should avoid using public Wi-Fi to access patient data whenever possible.
- Avoid storing patient data on personal devices: Healthcare workers should avoid storing patient data on their personal devices, such as smartphones or laptops, to prevent data breaches if their device is lost or stolen.
- Keep devices up to date: Healthcare workers should ensure that all their devices, including smartphones, laptops, and tablets, are up to date with the latest security patches and software updates
What to do If a Security Breach Occurs?
Still, if there are privacy and security concerns like the risk of breaching security, always have a response plan, including a designated point person and a communication plan.
Aside from that, healthcare organizations should notify affected patients as soon as possible. Then conduct a thorough investigation of the security breach to determine the scope of the breach and how it occurred.
Lastly, after a security breach, healthcare organizations should review and update their security measures to prevent future breaches from occurring. This includes assessing the role of regulations in ensuring privacy and security.
The Role of Regulation in Ensuring Privacy and Security
Regulation or data privacy law plays a crucial role in ensuring privacy and security in various industries, including healthcare. Government regulations set standards for protecting patient data, ensuring that healthcare organizations adhere to strict privacy and security guidelines.
Compliance with these regulations is mandatory and can result in significant penalties and legal liabilities for organizations that fail to follow them.
HIPAA law stands for Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. It is a federal data privacy law enacted in 1996 to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the US healthcare system. HIPAA has several provisions, including requirements for protecting the privacy and security of patient health information.
The HIPAA Privacy Rule establishes national standards for protecting individuals’ medical records and other personal health information, including electronic data. The HIPAA Security Rule sets standards for protecting electronic health information (ePHI) that healthcare organizations create, receive, maintain, or transmit.
Compliance with HIPAA regulations is mandatory for healthcare organizations, including healthcare providers, health plans, and healthcare clearinghouses.HIPAA violations can result in significant penalties and legal liabilities for the organization.
HITECH (Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health) is another federal data privacy law that was enacted in 2009 as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA).
It complements the privacy and security concerns of HIPAA and provides additional protection for patients’ electronic health information (ePHI). It provides financial incentives for healthcare providers who implement electronic health record (EHR) systems to improve patient care coordination and reduce medical errors.
HITECH also includes provisions for breach notification, requiring healthcare organizations to notify patients in the event of a data breach that affects their ePHI. Additionally, HITECH increased the penalties for HIPAA violations, providing more significant penalties for healthcare organizations that fail to comply with HIPAA regulations.
GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) was implemented by the European Union (EU) in May 2018. GDPR sets data privacy law for how personal data should be collected, processed, and protected by organizations operating within the EU and those outside the EU who process data related to EU residents.
The regulation aims to give individuals more control over their personal data and ensure that organizations that collect and process this data do so transparently and responsibly.
GDPR requires organizations to obtain explicit consent for collecting and using personal data, allow individuals to access and control their data, and notify individuals of any data breaches. Organizations that fail to comply with GDPR can face significant penalties, including fines of up to €20 million or 4% of their global annual revenue, whichever is higher.
The Future of Healthcare App Security
Emerging technologies continuously transform the healthcare industry, from telemedicine to artificial intelligence. These technologies offer tremendous potential to improve patient care and outcomes, but they also introduce new security challenges that healthcare organizations must address to safeguard patient data.
Moving toward the future, Healthcare organizations should consider implementing several strategies to enhance privacy and security concerns in healthcare apps such as:
- Data encryption: Data encryption is a powerful technique for securing patient data in transit and at rest. Encryption ensures that data is only accessible by authorized personnel with the proper encryption key.
- Multi-factor authentication: Multi-factor authentication adds an additional layer of security by requiring users to provide more than one form of authentication before accessing the app.
- Regular security updates: Regular security updates help to patch vulnerabilities in the app and ensure that it remains up-to-date with the latest security best practices.
- Penetration testing: Penetration testing is a process of testing the app’s security by simulating real-world attacks to identify vulnerabilities and weaknesses.
Another important consideration for healthcare organizations is the potential impact of new regulations and guidelines. Regulations such as GDPR and HIPAA provide a framework for protecting patient data, but they are constantly evolving, and new guidelines are emerging. They should keep these regulations and guidelines up-to-date and ensure their security strategies align with the latest requirements.
For example, the recent passing of the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) has significant implications for healthcare organizations. CCPA requires that organizations provide California residents with specific information about how their data is collected, used, and shared.
What is the biggest security privacy implication facing mHealth technologies?
Why is data privacy important in healthcare?
Data privacy in healthcare is crucial because of privacy and security concerns. Keeping patients’ information confidential and safe promotes confidence, which benefits the entire healthcare system. Maintaining privacy also aids in the protection of patients’ data from malicious actors.
Why is it important to understand privacy and data protection?
Many governments regard privacy to be a fundamental human right, and data protection regulations exist to preserve that right. Data privacy is also vital because individuals must trust that their personal data will be handled with care in order to engage online.